Researchers in Russia found the tomb of a knight containing gold jewelry, metal letters chained and various weapons, including a set of 91 cm iron sword between his legs.
The stuff was just one of the amazing discoveries of the other ancient treasures found in the tomb hidden in the heights of the Caucasus. He was more than 2000 years.
Items found include two bronze helmet found on the surface of the cemetery. A helmet (found in fragments and had been strung back) has a relief carving of rams’ horns while others have mountain relief, zigzag, and other odd shapes.
The knight’s tomb apparently had never been touched. The sword found buried with him were directed to the pelvis, and the researchers found “a golden plaque studded round with polychrome” near the end, they wrote in a paper published in the current issue of the journal “Ancient Civilizations” from Scythia to Siberia.
The remains of three skeletons horses, cows, and pigs were also found buried near the knight.
“The animals are very valuable among the barbarians of the ancient world. Was a sign that the person is someone important buried, shown by the relatives and tribe,” wrote the team members Valentina Mordvintseva, researchers at the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Institute of Archaelogy , in an email to LiveScience. Animal bones and the remains of pottery suggests that the funeral feast was held in his honor.
Without written records, it’s hard to tell who the real knight, but he was not the man who ruled a city. “He’s more like a community leader,” said Mordvnintseva.
The cemetery is located near the town Mezmay. Grave robbers discovered the site in 2004 and rescue excavations began in 2005.
Who uses the cemetery?
Based on artifacts found, researchers believe that these knights buried about 2,200 years ago, were almost the same with the popular Greek culture in West Asia, while the cemetery itself seems to have been used between the third century BC and the beginning of the second century AD.
Carefully, the researchers noted that these artifacts can not be attributed to a particular archaeological culture. Mordvintseva suggests that “this area is huge, and has not been much explored,” particularly in the area where the cemetery is located. “The cemetery was located high in the mountains. Perhaps the inhabitants of this area have a trade route through the Caucasus countries such as Georgia, Armenia, etc..,” Wrote in an email Mordvintseva.
Although people who use the cemetery was clearly influenced by Greek culture, they maintain their own way of life, said Mordvintseva. “Material culture they showed that they were very proud of themselves and maintain their culture for centuries.”
A treasure of gold
Lifestyle show their love of gold jewelry. Burial knights also helped put more than a dozen artifacts made of gold. Perhaps the most spectacular was the discovery of a gold brooch with crystal stone in the center. Although the brooch measures just 5.8 x 4.8 cm, it has several layers of intricate carved stand.
“In the bulge there is a rock crystal placed in holes drilled from both ends,” the researchers wrote.
The team was surprised to discover that two of the swords of the knights (including those leading to the pelvis) has gold decorations are meant to be attached. One of the short iron sword measuring 48.5 cm, has a gold plate, with inlaid agate, intended to decorate the scabbard.
Until now, researchers had never seen a gold sword decorations of this kind in other historical items, as written by the researchers. “The fact is that objects are used to decorate weapons makes them very different, which so far has not been recorded elsewhere.”