Folic acid is one of several types of B vitamins are very important for the body. Intake of folic acid can be obtained from food, green vegetables, and fruits. Folic acid has a function as an enzyme cofactor for the synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) that play a role in cell replication and is also required to convert homocysteine into methionine.
According to the WHO recommendation, adults need 400 micrograms of folic acid per day, while pregnant women require at least 800 micrograms of folic acid per day due to the intake of folic acid is very important for pregnant women. Role of folate to prevent neural tube defects (NTD), which is a common congenital defects in infants whose folate deficiency since I was a fetus in the womb of his mother. A study showed that consumption of 0.4 milligrams of folic acid before pregnancy can reduce the risk of neural tube defects by 50%. Meanwhile, other studies also showed that the NTD risk can fall to 85% by taking 0.4 milligrams of folic acid before and early in pregnancy.
Our body is very dependent on the consumption of food as a source of folic acid. Although we already have the bacteria are able to produce folate in the digestive system, but its contribution is relatively small. In addition, consumption of folic acid from natural foods everyday is also quite small, even just 50% of the total daily requirement. Meanwhile, the absorption of folic acid in synthetic form can reach 85-100%.
In the body, folic acid reserves will be stored in the liver. When we consume folic acid in excess, then the body will throw it through the urinary system. Due to the limited uptake of folic acid daily diet, it is advisable to add folate from other food sources. The source can be obtained from fortified foods or supplements of folic acid which is pretty much available in the market.